The island of Bali has so many temples, it can be said that Bali is the island of temples. The beauty of the island of Bali is getting perfect with the presence of a temple building with stunning architectural styles.
Originality carvings on the temples make it more beautiful and unusual. Even, some buildings such as houses, villas and hotels in Bali are also using similar carvings at the temple.
Balinese Hindu temples are influenced by the tri loka concept, so the temples are divided into three parts that include:
Nista mandala is the outer zone of the temple at the entrance to the complex.
Madya mandala is the middle zone where all the supporting facilities for the temple are located.
Utama mandala is the holiest part of the temple.
Each of the different areas in the temple is separated by gates.
There are the best examples of Balinese temple architecture can be seen at the following locations:
Besakih Temple Architecture
Besakih Temple is located on Mount Agung which is the largest volcano on the island. It is the holiest of all Hindu temples in Bali. This Temple is known in English as Mother Temple. There are 22 small temples inside the Besakih complex – these are mostly wooden buildings with pagodas on top. Inside the holiest section of the temple is a lotus throne which is devoted to the most important Hindu gods.
Pura Ulun Danu Temple Architecture
Ulun Danu Temple is located at Batur Lake in Kintamani district. This is the second most important temple in Bali. There is a noticeable Chinese influence in the architecture of this temple complex. The Temple is made up of nine buildings. There is a Buddhist statue inside the temple grounds. Ulun Danu is a water temple and its main purpose to please the lake goddess – many farms depend on the water from Ulun Danu Temple for their livelihood.
Tanah Lot Temple Architecture
Tanah Lot actually means land in the sea, because it built upon a large offshore rock. The Temple of Tanah Lot is located in Tabanan, and it is a place of pilgrimage as well as a major tourist attraction. Tanah Lot temple is made up of wooden structures and have a single temple tower.